The Results of Roman Rule: Essay Question, Main Points
Establishment of Roman institutions.
Romanization of Britain.
Under the Roman military rule, the Britons experienced the peace that existed in various nations under Roman rule, known as Pax Romana or Roman Peace.
They built an excellent network of roads from London in all directions.
They encouraged agriculture, commerce, mining, and industry. Commodities like corn, furs, pearls, and various metals were exported and luxury goods were imported.
They were great builders of forts at important places of the country to safeguard the country's internal peace and protect it from foreign invasions.
About 130 forts were thus built as a way of defence.
Agricola built a line of forts between rivers Tyne and Eden on the Roman road known as "Stanegate".
During Emperor Hadrian’s rule (from 117 to 138 CE) the famous Hadrian’s Wall was built in the North of England to keep away infiltrators.
Some of the flourishing cities of the present were originally Roman towns or fortresses.
Well-planned town with its orderly administration. Many new towns developed on the side of the newly constructed roads.
Each town had its forum, temples, courts of justice, bath, markets, and main drains.
Another significant contribution of the Romans to Britain was the construction of so many Roman Villas (country houses).
The Christian faith is seen as the greatest indirect result of the Roman conquest of Britain.
The Romans also introduced the Latin language to Celtic England.
The authentic history of England commences only after the Roman conquest.
Reference: A Handbook of British History by K M Abraham